X-Ray Technology: The Science Behind it and Its Uses

X-Ray technology has revolutionized medicine since it was discovered back in 1901. It gives an insight beneath the skin and soft tissues to diagnose, monitor, and treat different medical conditions. It is also useful in other instances such as security.

This article will delve into details about how x-ray technology works, its different uses, and what to expect when visiting a doctor for an x-ray.

How Does X-Ray Technology Work?

X-ray technology works by emitting radiation that goes through certain surfaces to reveal what lies beneath. It is most commonly used for medicinal purposes but it is also vital in security and other uses.

Uses of X-ray Technology

There are three common uses of x-ray technology:

  1. Medicinal Purposes

X-ray technology is mostly popular in medicine. The radiation emitted is used to penetrate the skin and give a view of internal organs and bones. There are several types of x-rays that are administered depending on the part of the body or condition being examined. Common types of medicinal x-ray include mammograms and barium enema.

X-ray is also used to treat certain conditions when administered at high concentrations. It is especially vital for treating cancer by killing cancerous cells as it is capable of penetrating through the skin and soft tissues in a concentrated beam. Radiation therapy is administered to over 50% of cancer patients and is effective when conducted at a ripe stage.  

  1. Security

X-ray machines are vital for security as they help reveal any weapons that may be hidden underneath clothing or drugs that may be ingested. X-ray machines are especially popular in airports where they help curb terrorists and smugglers. They are also installed in many facilities that require maximum security including sensitive government institutions.

  1. Bursting Counterfeit Art

Art is valuable, and all concerned parties try their best to fight counterfeit art. Although many people don’t know this, x-rays are used to determine whether a piece of art has been painted over another piece as this is a common trick among counterfeiters. It helps save against millions of dollars in potential losses.   

X-ray for Medical Purposes – What it Entails

As mentioned, x-rays are especially popular in the health sector. They provide an easy way of diagnosing internal diseases without surgical incisions. The technology has come a long way, and it is quite fast and simple.

Preparation is not necessary when getting an x-ray checkup. However, your doctor may see it fit to apply contrast dye so as to reveal clearer images. It is a quick process that mostly involves a lot of posing. The doctor will ask you to stay in different positions when standing, sitting, or lying down. Several tests will be conducted and the images will be produced and examined for any anomalies.

X-ray comes with some risks as radiation usually leaves negative effects. However, the radiation used is not strong enough to affect adults, but children may be susceptible to various side effects. Some of these side effects include itching, nausea, fever, and hives. These side effects are rare, however, and if they occur it is usually on a mild or moderate scale.   

When is an X-ray Needed?

X-rays are used in a wide range of medical practices including chiropractic and general medicine. It is used to diagnose a wide range of diseases including fractured bones, breast tumors, bone cancer, arthritis, lung complications, and enlarged internal organs, among others. Your doctor or chiropractor will determine when an x-ray test is needed.  


X-ray technology has improved a great deal over the decades, and tests are safe and quick. Schedule an appointment with your chiropractor beforehand to get precise instructions on what expect during the procedure.


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